This excerpt came from Drive Smart Virginia
Texting While Driving
It is illegal for any person operating a moving motor vehicle on the state’s highways to use any handheld personal communicationsdevice to manually enter multiple letters or characters in the device as a means of communicating with another person. It is also unlawful to read any email or text message currently transmitted to or previously stored within the device.
Exceptions are made for 1) emergency vehicles; 2) an operator who is lawfully parked or stopped; 3) the use of factory-installed or after-market global positioning systems (GPS) or wireless communications devices used to transmit or receive data as part of a digital dispatch system; or 4) any person using a handheld personal communications device to report an emergency.
Unless a law enforcement officer has cause to stop or arrest the driver of a motor vehicle for 1) violation of some other provision of state Code or local ordinance relating to the operation, ownership, or maintenance of a motor vehicle, or 2) any criminal statute; no citation for a violation of this Code may be issued.
Violation of any provision of this section shall constitute a traffic infraction punishable, for a first offense, by a fine of $20 and, for a second or subsequent offense, by a fine of $50.
To learn more, read the full law.